If you are as happy in entering the White House as I shall feel in returning to Wheatland, you are a happy man indeed.
America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves.
With the American Civil War preparing to knock at the door of the White House, James Buchanan was looking forward to returning to his home near Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Abraham Lincoln would take office and face the most intense trials and challenges of any American President.
In many communities across America, traditional Memorial Day ceremonies have included a public reading of President Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. This solemn tradition honors the lives given by all American military personnel. Here is the address in its entirety:
Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
This speech was delivered by President Lincoln on November 19, 1863, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania at the commemoration of the National Cemetery at the Civil War battlefield. In less than 275 words, Lincoln perhaps gave the greatest speech ever presented by an American President.